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Paterson River history

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Tocal's convicts 1822-1840s

Tocal is a large rural property at Paterson NSW. Between 1822 and the 1840s about 150 convict men and boys were assigned to Tocal where they lived and worked. They cleared Tocal's rainforest, planted the first crops, tended livestock and built Tocal's first fences and farm buildings.

A few of Tocal's convicts were habitual criminals, and some were rebels who had protested against conditions in England or Ireland. But most were simply working-class youths who had been caught stealing. For their crimes they were transported to New South Wales and spent time at Tocal. Most managed to rebuild their lives and gain their freedom, but some suffered the lash, the iron gang or other punishments along the way.

Details of individual convicts

Click on the name of any Tocal convict in the list below to view his details. This data was collected over many years from many sources. Abbreviations include TOL ticket-of-leave, COF certificate-of-freedom, CP conditional pardon, SR State Records NSW, SG Sydney Gazette, NSWGG Government Gazette.

Further reading

Voices from Tocal - Convict Life on a Rural Estate, by Brian Walsh, 2008. Number 17 in the All About Tocal series, available from Tocal College and Paterson Courthouse Museum (Sundays).

Heartbreak and Hope, Deference and Defiance on the Yimmang: Tocal's Convicts 1822-1840, PhD thesis by Brian Walsh, University of Newcastle 2007. Available on-line.

"Assigned convicts at Tocal:'ne'er-do-wells' or exceptional workers?", by Brian Walsh. Journal of Australian Colonial History vol 8, 2006, pp67-90.

Name Age Trade or calling Offence Sent At Tocal
Abrey, William 22 labourer house breaking life 1822
Addey, William 19 farrier stealing a coat 7 yr 1837
Andrews, William 18 brassfounder house breaking life 1829-33
Batt, James 19 ploughman sheep stealing life 1825
Beggs, George 19 carter burglary & felony life 1833
Benson, John 26 servant burglary life 1823
Brearly, John 26 ploughs & shears burglary life 1825-28
Brownlee, James 31 farm serv & butcher cow stealing 7 yr 1828-33
Byrne, Philip 18 groom steal iron&brushes life 1825
Cain, Daniel 22 labourer highway robbery life 1824
Callaghan, Daniel 15 errand boy house robbery 7 yr 1828
Callaghan, Thomas 25 ploughman burglary & robbery life 1825
Campbell, John 28 farm man sheep stealing 7 yr 1827-28
Caroll, Denis 34 ploughman insurrection 7 yr 1825-29
Carr, Patrick 25 ploughman & shears highway robbery life 1825
Casey, Thomas 23 farmer's labourer horse stealing life 1827
Caton, Thomas 21 file cutter house breaking 14 yr 1840-44
Chantry, Edward 22 brickmaker house breaking life 1836-43
Clark, Matthew 32 sailor stealing 7 yr 1824-25
Clarke, Richard 21 aid/assist burglary life 1823
Clements, James W 13 servant boy picking pockets life 1833-53
Clewley, William 24 stable & coachman picking pockets 7 yr 1830-34
Coghlan, Richard 20 house painter stealing clothes 7 yr 1828
Connelly, Michael 17 errand boy stealing cash 7 yr 1825
Cooper, Alfred 19 mason's labourer picking pockets life 1828-36
Cooper, John Darby 26 labourer house breaking 7 yr 1823
Corrigan, Elijah 17 errand boy stealing clothes 7 yr 1834-37
Costigan, Patrick 22 farm man highway robbery 7 yr 1827-37
Crick, Jonas 30 plough & fisherman stealing malt 7 yr 1828-32
Cullen, James 15 errand boy stealing sheets 7 yr 1828
Davenport, John 24 ploughman stealing 7 yr 1823
Dearden, Adam 28 weaver stealing duck 7 yr 1833
Dobson, Roger 22 ploughman highway robbery life 1823-34
Douglas, James 24 tailor & labourer stealing clock 7 yr 1831
Dowling, James 32 farm servant cow stealing life 1836-37
Doyle, Michael 22 plasterer's labourer sheep stealing 7 yr 1827
Doyle, William 39 ploughman & shears insurrection 7 yr 1823-27
Edwards, George 20 sugar refiner stealing shawl 7 yr 1832
Fee, Michael 30 linen weaver unlawful oaths life 1826-34
Forrester, James 24 butcher stealing in house 7 yr 1832
Geere, William 22 groom & gardener stealing clothes 14 yr 1828
Graves, Storer 28 shoemaker & groom street robbery 7 yr 1829
Gray, Robert 24 butcher house breaking 14 yr 1833
Grennan, Peter 40 stone mason stealing money 7 yr 1837-42
Halfpenny, William 24 steal bagpipe&flute life 1825
Hanley, John 23 shepherd absent from home 7 yr 1825-29
Hassett, John 26 ploughman & shears insurrection 7 yr 1823-27
Hawker, Thomas 19 shoemaker, tolerable highway robbery life 1836-39
Hazell, James 18 plasterer's labourer picking pockets 7 yr 1822
Healey, Pat 41 cabinet turner/wheelwright stealing clothes 7 yr 1832-34
Heny, Bryan 30 shepherd burglary&robbery life 1824
Hobbs, Abraham 25 milkman, brewer & ostler house breaking life 1832
Holmes, William 34 farm servant sheep stealing life 1833-41
Holseworth, William 17 plasterer's boy stealing boots 7 yr 1832
Horton, William 16 shoemaker, tolerable robbing master life 1833
Hover, Stephen 31 flour miller stealing 7 yr 1822-26
Hoyle, John 29 farmer's man rioting life 1827-28
Hughes, Richard 20 rope maker burglary life 1825-32
Hunt, Henry 20 hawker stealing truck 7 yr 1832
Hurley, William 32 ploughs,shears,reaps,sows horse stealing life 1830
Hutchins, John 22 blacksmith larceny frm person life 1828-29
Irwin, Henry 19 labourer stealing cloak 7 yr 1830-38
Jameson, John 19 hairdresser shop breaking 14 yr 1827-28
Johnston, William 17 labourer highway robbery 7 yr 1837
Keating, Thomas 30 ploughman asslt/Whiteboyism life 1824-28
Keily, Michael 60 Rep'd plough'd & tailor Base coin life 1829
Kidd, John 25 ploughman & milks horse stealing life 1829-37
King, George 19 print blocker larceny 7 yr 1828
King, William 36 ploughman house robbery 14 yr 1823-24
Kipling, John 19 piecer stealing a shirt 7 yr 1828
Lane, James 26 clothier & indoor servant house breaking 7 yr 1833-38
Lawler, John 21 plough, shepherd & herd picking pockets 7 yr 1828-32
Levitt, John 27 farm labourer steal ton of bags 7 yr 1828-33
Lewis, Joseph 20 ploughs, shepherd, milks house breaking 7 yr 1830-34
Liddy, Andrew 40 brewer's labourer & soldier stealing cloth 7 yr 1836-37
Linegar, William 25 steam engine labourer cutting & maiming life 1835
Logan, James 20 brush maker house breaking 14 yr 1828-34
Long, Dennis 23 stonemason & plasterer stealing coat 7 yr 1829
Lynch, Michael 23 spadesman & reaps attacking house life 1836-37
Lynn, John 20 butcher assault & robbery life 1836-37
Lyons, Bernard 26 ploughs, sows, reaps perjury 7 yr 1832-37
Magner, Michael 27 ploughs & shears insurrection 7 yr 1823-27
Magner, Thomas 25 ploughman insurrection 7 yr 1823-27
McCarthy, John 19 tobacco twister stealing chairs 7 yr 1837
McCarthy, Timothy 35 ploughman sheep stealing 7 yr 1829-33
McIneeny, Thomas 26 ploughman rape life 1825
McQuiggan, Hugh 33 soldier insubordination 7 yr 1836-37
Mildmay, George 16 errand boy shop robbery 7 yr 1830-33
Miller, William 42 house painter obtn money falsely 7 yr 1830
Millsom, Edward 20 reaps & milks stealing geese 7 yr 1829-34
Mooney, Lawrence 25 carter horse stealing life 1828
Moors, John 31 weaver stealing clothes life 1833
Murdock, Hugh 32 shear & thrashers cow stealing 7 yr 1828-30
Murphy, Edward 24 farm servant sheep stealing life 1828-37
Musk, James 19 labourer house breaking 7 yr 1828
Nelson, George 20 labourer stealing a coat life 1828
Padmore, Alfred 19 errand boy house breaking life 1832-38
Rouse, Simon 35 baker st watch&banknotes 7 yr 1825
Rowan, Charles 22 weaver & porter stealing carpets 7 yr 1830
Ryan, Patrick 21 ploughman insurrection 7 yr 1825-29
Sanders, Peter 25 seaman stealing watches 7 yr 1831-33
Saunders, James 18 labourer stealing 7 yr 1823-26
Savage, George 16 errand boy picking pockets 7 yr 1832-33
Scammell, Frederick 14 butcher's boy stealg snuff boxes 7 yr 1832
Scully, James 40 weaver pig stealing 7 yr 1829
Shore, Edward 20 Cow boy st clothes&rabbits 7 yr 1824-28
Shaw, John 31 labourer, shears, reaps stealing potatoes 7 yr 1829-34
Shea, John 20 farm labourer & herds lamb stealing 7 yr 1829-34
Shea, John 19 reaper highway robbery 7 yr 1825
Sheehan, Maurice 27 farmer's labourer house robbery life 1828
Sheppard, John 19 carter & coal miner burglary life 1827-30
Shields, James 23 servant & labourer highway robbery life 1823-37
Simpson, Patrick 20 weaver steal thread & tape 7 yr 1825
Slowey, Patrick 28 farm servant & shepherd murder life 1828
Smith, James 23 blacksmith stealing bundle 7 yr 1829-34
Smith, John 20 plough & stableman stealing umbrella 7 yr 1828
Smith, Thomas 28 barber & labourer desertion life 1822
Smith, William 20 calico printer stealing money life 1825-26
Smith, William 16 cutler's boy robbing shop 7 yr 1832
Snell, John 28 plough shear, make butter stealing 7 yr 1825-32
Spleyoenburg, George 16 errand boy stealing a shirt 7 yr 1833-40
Stiles, James 23 farmers man & shop groom house breaking 7 yr 1830
Stotter, George 46 labourer, reaps house breaking 14 yr 1832-37
Styles, William 19 reaps, milks, labours murder life 1830-34
Suffolk, Elias 30 farm worker burglary life 1829
Tadgwell, William 14 cotton spinner stealing necklace 7 yr 1836-37
Talty, Peter 25 ploughs reaps shears sows abduction life 1831-34
Tattersall, Henry 14 rope maker's boy stealing money 14 yr 1836-42
Tiernan, John 28 ploughs & shears burglary & robbery life 1825
Townsend, Job 32 reaper highway robbery life 1824
Truelove, William 30 labourer steal handkerchief life 1827-34
Waggoner, John 18 coachsmith stealing cloth life 1822-30
Wallis, Patrick 28 farm servant fire arms 7 yr 1836-37
West, Robert 50 gardener& complete soldier machine breaking life 1832-36
Whitford, Thomas 18 printer's boy picking pockets 7 yr 1836-37
Wilkinson, Joseph 25 waterman horse stealing life 1826
Williams, John 39 plough shear reap milk sow stealing tools 7 yr 1831
Williams, Thomas 21 carter robbing person 14 yr 1836-37
Woollard, William 15 tailor's boy picked pockets life 1835-37
Wootton, Charles 20 farm labourer horse stealing 15 yr 1840-44
Wyatt, Frederick 23 shoemaker picking pockets 7 yr 1828
Young, John 18 carter's boy & reaper sheep robbery 14 yr 1834-37