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Paterson River history

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Albion Farm

Albion Farm is a rural property on the Paterson River in the locality earlier known as Patersons Plains. It began as a small holding taken up by John Tucker senior about 1812. At the time he was an ex-convict serving as government storekeeper at the penal settlement of Newcastle.

Governor Macquarie gave him permission to settle, possibly as a reward for the role his son John played as a sawyer who helped to procure cedar for the Governor. In about 1816 John Tucker jnr was allowed to settle in his own right and he chose land alongside his father's farm at Patersons Plains.

In 1823 John senior retired from his position in Newcastle and moved to his land at Paterson's Plains. In 1824 the land was converted to a combined grant of 630 acres for him and his son John. The combined grant of Albion Farm is shown in the map below. It's eastern boundary adjoined Clifden.

boundaries of Albion Farm

Albion Farm in 1824 as a combined grant of 630 acres to John Tucker senior and junior.

John Tucker senior and his wife Ann died at Albion Farm in 1834 and 1839 respectively and are buried there. John Tucker junior died at Albion Farm in 1838 and was also buried there. His wife Frances remarried, first to James Peattie and then to William Doidge.

In the 1838 survey of Albion Farm shown below, the family burial plot is indicated by a rectangle in the centre of the map, towards the top.[1] The now unmarked family plot is located at 32° 39.80'S 151° 36.367'E. (If you have Google Earth on your device you can click on this kmz file to open the program and show the grave site.)

1838 survey of Albion Farm

The 1838 survey of Albion Farm. It predates drainage works and therefore shows the natural extent of Lake Paterson. The Tucker family burial plot is shown as a rectangle in the centre towards the top.

1865 subdivision and sale of Albion Farm

After Frances Tucker (later Frances Peattie then Doidge), owner of Albion Farm, died on 29 March 1865, Albion Farm's 615 acres was surveyed by GB White and sold in several lots.[2] A public auction of the land was held on 3 August 1865.

A reconstruction of the sale plan is shown below. It is based on GB White's 1865 survey of Albion Farm and lot boundaries described in land title documents.[3]

1865 subdivsion of Albion Farm

The 1865 subdivision and sale of Albion Farm. Note the large drain running across the whole estate to drain Lake Paterson so the wetlands could be used for agriculture.

Here are the sale results, taken from the land title documents.[4] The conveyance of the lots took place between March and June 1866. It is interesting that Frederick Tucker purchased lot 13 which contained the Tucker family burial plot but according to the title the sale excluded the burial plot and an access road.[5]

Lot Buyer price
1 & 9 Daniel Peattie £1,085
2 & 15 William Barton £376
3 & 16 Henry Geering £518
4 William Purves £361
5,6, 13 Frederick Tucker £1,816
7 R and P Chanter £1,040
8 John Pearse £1,069
10 George Baker £221
11 Benjamin Lee senior £220
12, 14, 17 George Middleton* £575

*Middleton defaulted on payments and the mortgage was foreclosed. In 1871 John Pearse purchased lot 12, John Read purchased lot 14 and Thomas Carter lot 17.

Some notable further transactions

Notes

1. Copy of Peters' 1838 survey of Albion Farm, Paterson River, made by surveyor GB White in 1865, State Library NSW, Mitchell Map Collection M Ser 4000/1 D 181.

2. Maitland Mercury, 25 July 1865 page 4.

3. State Library NSW, Mitchell Map Collection M Ser 4000/1 D 181.

4. Data verified from NSW Old Systems land title documents.

5. Old Systems Title, book 98, number 334.

6. Old Systems Title, book 171, number 955.

7. Old Systems Title, book 167, number 861.

8. Old Systems Title, book 175, number 794.

9. Old Systems Title, book 176, number 93.